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Author Topic: How to Start Turkey Breeding and Egg Hatching Business In Nigeria  (Read 75024 times)
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« on: November 03, 2010, 09:16:00 AM »

Product Details
•   Print Length: 74 pages
•   Publisher: Farm Business Setup Venture (January 1, 2017)
•   Publication Date:  Last edited (January 1, 2017)
•   Language: English
•   PDF to Word Wise: Enabled

There is a big market for turkeys all over the country. The market research carried out so far indicated none availability of turkey farms in commercial quantity. The country is importing a lot of frozen turkeys from Cotonou the capital of Benin Republic. Not until recently when the Federal Government banned the importation of turkey into the country, so there is a wide market for turkey farmer.
 The meat, fertilized eggs, feathers and the droppings can be marketed. Frozen turkeys are easily available for purchase in our Local market. Turkey meat and fertilized eggs are commonly demanded for all over the country.
Turkey rearing starts from day old which should be kept in a brooder house under appropriate temperature for about five weeks.  Then the birds will be separated into different houses, one for the males that are fast growers while the females which grow slowly are kept in the second house. They may stay there till the time of maturity which is 20 weeks. Then you can sell them for money or leave them for production of eggs. You hatch your fertilized eggs at another farmer's hatchery on payment as agreed. You don't need to have your own hatchery before you can produce day old turkey.
Turkeys are the fasting growing of all fowl. The feeding of turkeys is very important as the feed to meat ratio meaning the amount of feed it takes to make one pound of meat on the fowl makes the difference. If you intend to put eight pounds of meat on a turkey in eight and one half weeks it will take thirteen pounds of feed. During this eight week period the turkey exceeds any other fowl in growth.
Many commercial growers prefer to raise the tom turkey as they will get more return for their money even if the toms are butchered earlier to avoid their being too large for the market. You could consider just growing all tom turkeys as you can cut down on feed costs because of the factor involving the feed conversion factor. A tom of up to eighteen pounds requires forty two pounds of feed. The hen of eighteen pounds will require fifty seven pounds of feed to reach the goal.

When you are growing turkeys, especially on a small scale, there will only be a few strains. There are about two dozen main strains of the large and the medium white turkeys that are usually grown. That does not mean that all of the strains will grow the same as heredity is a factor and also the hatching egg has a lot to do with growth. The small eggs will produce small pouts.
You can increase the energy of fowl by using carbohydrates and fats and also be allowing the correct amount of nutrients from a balanced ration. When you add fats into the feed for a turkey you can regulate the amount of feed and also the nutrients the turkey will consume. If the bird is very large it will take more energy to maintain the body and also to produce eggs. The younger turkeys do not need the energy by feed increased. It is wasteful to feed very high-fibre feeds as the crude fibre has no food value, is indigestible and is passed in the droppings.
Energy is measured in calories and the calorie is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water from 16.5 degrees to 17.5 degrees. Studies have proved that the energy available to turkeys from various feeds by burning the feeds and measuring the heat produced during the process. About one fourth of the energy produced by feeds is lost in the droppings. The usable energy is called the metabolize energy (ME) value of a feed, this is the means by which values of energy in feed is measured.
The temperature in the environment of the turkey has an effect on the amount of fat that they require. If the temperature is cold, then the bodies will require more fat and they will consume more food. If you can keep the area the turkeys are in at a temperature of 61-75 degrees F. the feed intake will be adequate and the nutrition will be suitable.
You will find by looking at commercial feeds that the feeds are not mixed for either a high or a low temperature but for a sensible medium. Fats are useful in feeds as they will improve the consistency.
A well-balanced ration supplies the amount of fat needed according to the age of the turkey and also the type of turkey in ration to how much energy the body of the fowl will require. Check out the labels and inquire at your local feed store as you will need to feed a certain amount to each turkey poult up to eight weeks of age, then you will feed a different amount over eight weeks of age. The more nutrition in the feed the more the feed will cost as when feeding the proper nutrition you will be able to market the fowl earlier and thus save money.
Every three to four weeks after brooding the nutritional needs will change. The nutrients necessary are: Vitamin E, Pantothenic Acid, Calcium, Niacin, ad Chlorine. Also needed in the nutrition of feed for turkeys will be the following: fats, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and water.
Most of the commercial feeds have both plant and animal proteins in the poultry feed and most rations consist mainly of cereal-type grains. Soybeans are very high in protein and are used in poultry feed as they are considered plant protein.
Be sure to provide enough water for your turkeys to drink as water provides some trace minerals and the function of water is primarily to help maintain body temperature. If they do not have enough water then the body tissues will dry out and they will have dehydration. Be sure to notice carefully when there are times of excessive humidity and heat as they will need even more water than usual.      
Turkey produce for meat is differently fed from the ones meant for the production of egg. The bird must be protected against their predators especially from the early days of existence. Enemies of the birds are:- Rat, Snake, Reptiles etc… Strangers should be kept away from the farm. Where it is necessary that they should be there, they must clean their feet in a sterilized shallow through at the entrance of the farm.
The farmer should always seek the economic ways to save cost giving the Turkey balance feed, good drinking water, keeping the house clean will go a long way in preventing diseases among the bird.

Product Details
•   Print Length: 74 pages
•   Publisher: Farm Business Setup Venture (January 1, 2017)
•   Publication Date:  Last edited (January 1, 2017)
•   Language: English
•   PDF to Word Wise: Enabled

E-Book Manuals for startup
COMPLETE GUIDE TO TURKEY FARMING IN NIGERIA


CONTENTS  
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
PLANNING PRINCIPLES
DESCRIPTION OF A TURKEY FARM
BREEDS OF TURKEYS IN NIGERIA
SOURCING YOUR DAY OLD CHICK/POULTs
PREPARING FOR ARRIVAL OF POULTs
TURKEY TERMINOLOGIES
SUITABLE LOCATIONS

CHAPTER TWO BROODING
BROODING
SOURCES OF HEAT
BROODER GUARDS/RINGS
BROODER STOVE ARRANGEMENT
FEED AND WATER

CHAPTER THREE HOUSING
REARING SYSTEMS
HOUSING
STEP BY STEP TURKEY PEN CONSTRUCTION
200 CAPACITY TURKEY PEN DIMENSION
COST OF CONSTRUCTING 200 CAPACITY TURKEY PEN
CHAPTER FOUR MANAGEMENT
CATCHING AND HANDLING OF TURKEYS
TOE CLIPPING
DEBEAKING
CLEANING AND DISINFECTION
FLOCK MONITORING IN TURKEY FARMING

CHAPTER FIVE TURKEY DISEASES & MEDICATIONS
BIOSECURITY
TURKEY DISEASES & MEDICATIONS
COMMON DISEASES OF TURKEY
WATER VACCINATION
ECONOMIC PARAMETERS IN TURKEY FARMING
THREATS

CHAPTER SIX FEEDING
FEEDING STRATEGIES
NUTRITION
FEED CONSUMPTION FOR TURKEYS DAY-1 TO 24 WEEKS OF AGE
STARTER AND GROWER FEED FORMULAS
GROWER DIETS (AFTER 8 WEEKS OF AGE)


CHAPTER SEVEN HATCHING TURKEY EGGS
TURKEY PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF FORM
NATURAL MATING
TURKEY EGGS   
TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY DURING STORAGE
PREPARING THE EGGS
INCUBATION MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN TURKEY
6 GUIDELINES TO HATCHING TURKEY EGGS

CHAPTER EIGHT OPERATIONAL COST FOR FEEDING/PROFIT 200 TURKEY
FEEDFING COST FOR 200 TURKEY
PROFIT ON 200 TURKEY
CORE CHARACTERISTICS OF TURKEY FARMS COMPANY BUSINESS PLANS

CHAPTER NINE MARKETING
MARKETING TURKEYS
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SALES TO INTERMEDIATE BUYERS
ADVANTAGES OF WORKING WITH A DISTRIBUTOR
COLLABORATIVE MARKETING
PRICING
KEY ASSUMPTIONS

CHAPTER TEN SLAUGHTERING
TIPS ON SLAUGHTERING
DELIVERY AND STORAGE
DISPOSAL OF WASTE
TURKEY EGG HATCHERIES IN NIGERIA ADDRESSES


Our ebook can help you establish the clear vision and goals you will need to guide your new agricultural venture. It will help you identify and assess personal motivations, business and farming skills, and available resources. It will help you clarify values. The goal of Our ebook is to help you decide whether starting an agricultural business is right for you, and-based on that decision-to help you plan practical next steps.

Product Details
•   Print Length: 74 pages
•   Publisher: Farm Business Setup Venture (January 1, 2017)
•   Publication Date:  Last edited (January 1, 2017)
•   Language: English
•   PDF to Word Wise: Enabled

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FARM BUSINESS SETUP
HEAD OFFICE
8 Kolab close off Olomowewe,
Adiyan Gasline (Agbado Oja)
Ogun State.

20min drive from Abeokuta Express way Lagos
Ajala Bus stop, Ijaye Bus stop, or Kola Bus stop

20min drive from Fagba Road Lagos
Iju station Kola Bus stop or Ishaga Lagos Kola Bus stop
Just call 08036320607 for directions to the farm

Instant Help Desk
Mobile: 08036320607
Office 09082002651,07081447709
E-mail:Opeyemi.lamson@farmingbizsetup.com
BlackBerry Pin: 7ADB944A
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« Last Edit: December 31, 2016, 06:21:52 PM by moderator1 » Logged

katuri747
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« Reply #1 on: July 15, 2015, 01:25:48 AM »

Thanks for the quite useful information provided altogether. Its useful for me on farming turkey birds.
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