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Author Topic: How to Start Quail Farming in Nigeria  (Read 4788 times)
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Product Details
•   Print Length: 58 pages
•   Publisher: Farm Business Setup Venture (May 9, 2017)
•   Publication Date: Last edited (May 9, 2017)
•   Language: English
•   PDF to Word Wise: Enabled


Going into Quail production for the purpose of egg production means you intend to breed laying Quails. They could be from Day-old-chicks (DOC), or stock as Point-of-Lay (POL) birds. Layers can be reared on Deep litter system or Cage system. Caged birds need more capital but the merits include; easy of management, cleaner eggs, safety from breakages, minimal feed wastage, reduced water contamination and maximized space.

Their domestication has begun as early as in the fourteen century. At first quails became popular as game birds but at later stage the commercial keeping of quail has kicked off because of their tasty eggs and meat. The biggest commercial revolution of the quail began after 1910 when they were divided into two groups; for egg production and for the table. Nowadays the quail is not the most popular little bird among bird keepers even though it would deserve a lot more attention. Quail can be kept in cages or small aviary enclosures covered with tightly woven mesh. On a small scale you can keep 10 to 15 quails in 1 square meter floor area.

Breeding stock can be kept in trios or even quartets but for the optimum fertility, you can have a pen containing more than one male but the more males there are in a pen, the more fighting there will be amongst them, so care should be taken. If fighting is a problem, sometimes adding more females will help. A mixed pen can usually contain up to 5 females per male without fertility being reduced significantly. Females can lose feathers on the back of the next where the male grips with his beak during mating
Female Coturnix quail (also known as Japanese quail) take 8-12 weeks to mature before they come into lay and just like other poultry, the pituitary gland at the back of the eye is stimulated by light to produce a hormone which keeps them laying. This means they will usually start laying during spring and stop in the autumn.

If you want more eggs, they can be encouraged to lay around 300 per year if kept under artificial light without performing any special selection, although not all of these eggs are useful for hatching.

Males excrete ‘foam balls’ which allows you to positively identify them. These are a urinary product produced by cloacal glands and indicate fertility. If you are unsure if a quail is male or female, you can partition the house and place the bird in question in the new area on his or her own on a clean floor which can be examined regularly during the breeding season for the presence of foam balls. Once positively identified, a colored leg ring can be used to identify him.

Quail fertility is reduced after the first 16-18 weeks of lay and after 24 weeks, the reduction in fertility is very noticeable. It is therefore best to collect hatching eggs only during the first 14-16 weeks of lay. If a continuous supply of hatching eggs is required, multiple houses and lighting regimes would be required so that birds were coming into lay as the fertility of another house was in decline.

Beginners could start with POL, Quail start to lay eggs at just 8-12 weeks (assuming there is enough daylight) so they are productive very quickly compared to. Advantage of acquiring Point Of Lay birds is the reduced risk. Prices of POL at press time ranges from N300 to N400/bird. In budgeting for feeding, a bag cost about N2, 400 today and 16.5kg could feed 1100 birds per days. Let me open your understanding to how profitable Quail egg production could be under proper


1000 Quails Will produce 28 creates daily
Feed consumption the aim should be a daily consumption of 15g feed per Quail a day.
16.5kg of feed daily= N1, 584 to produce 28 creates daily

28 creates x N500 per crate = N14, 000 profit – N1, 584 daily feed consumption = N12, 416x 365 of lay, the spent layers would be sold for nearly the equivalent amount with which the POL is purchased. You can see that egg production is terrifically profiting.

Housing for Quail
At 6 weeks of age they can be moved into secure warm, dry and draft proof accommodation such as a rabbit hutch with a run, which would provide safety from predators and enclosed warm conditions for the birds. Being small birds, they're a temptation for local cats (including your own pets!) as well as foxes etc.

Quail are not as hardy as poultry and the ideal temperature range is 16°C to 23°C for them. In cold weather you will probably need to provide heating in the coop or even move them indoors into cages in extreme conditions.
Low level perches will be happily used by the quail. You should remember that quail can fly high and if you wish to restrict their movements you will need to have a covered run or to wing clip. This ability to fly should be kept in mind when cleaning out cages etc. Just one moment's inattention and your bird can be flying away never to be seen again.
Startled quail have a habit of flying straight up like a rocket. If their run has a weldmesh roof or suchlike, they can bang straight into it, doing themselves damage. A secondary lower roof of soft netting will protect against this problem.

The housing should be cleaned out on a weekly basis with fresh bedding and litter material so that no sores or infections can take hold in the birds.

Our guide will run you through questions you need to consider before construction of your Quail farm begins. It will also give you a basic idea on what to expect when operating and managing your production business.

COMPLETE GUIDE TO COMMERCIAL QUAIL EGG AND QUAIL MEAT PRODUCTION

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
CHARACTERISTICS OF QUAIL
QUAIL PRODUCTS
HEALTH BENEFITS OF QUAIL EGGS
SOURCING YOUR DAY OLD QUAIL/LAYERS
PREPARING FOR ARRIVAL OF CHICKS
BROODING
SOURCES OF HEAT
BROODER GUARDS/RINGS
BROODER STOVE ARRANGEMENT
FORCE FEEDING
MANAGEMENT
THE BREEDING STOCK
GENERAL PREVENTION
QUAIL DISEASES & MEDICATIONS
CLEANING AND DISINFECTION
HOUSING AND EQUIPMENT
QUAIL IN DEEP LITTER SYSTEMS
FEEDING AND WATERING
QUAIL FEED FORMULA
INGREDENTS FOR STARTER (0-5 WEEKS), COMPOSITION (%) GROWER (5-8 WEEKS) AND BREEDER
MANAGEMENT AND RECORD KEEPING ACTIVITIES
PESTS AND PREDATORS
SOFT-SHELLED EGGS
CANNIBALISM
INCUBATION TIMETABLE
PRE-INCUBATION EGG CARE
INCUBATION AND HATCHING
HOW TO OPERATE AN ELECTRIC TABLE-TOP INCUBATOR/HATCHER FOR QUAIL
POSSIBLE CAUSES OF POOR HATCHABILITY
POTENTIAL HUSBANDRY RELATED WELFARE PROBLEMS AND HOW TO RESOLVE THEM
INCUBATION TIMETABLE
MATHEMATICAL FORMULA FOR 1000 FEMALE 100 MALE QUAIL COST
MAN POWER BUDGET
 PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE COSTS BUDGET
DAILY EEG/FEED/DRUGS COMPUTATION ANALYSIS FOR 1100 QUAIL FOR 12 MONTHS
TOTAL PROFIT ON EGG SALES FROM 1000 FEMALE 100 MALE BIRDS

Our ebook can help you establish the clear vision and goals you will need to guide your new Quail farming venture. It will help you identify and assess personal motivations, business and farming skills, and available resources. It will help you clarify values. The goal of Our ebook is to help you decide whether starting an agricultural business is right for you, and-based on that decision-to help you plan practical next steps.
Product Details
•   Print Length: 58 pages
•   Publisher: Farm Business Setup Venture (May 9, 2017)
•   Publication Date: Last edited (May 9, 2017)
•   Language: English
•   PDF to Word Wise: Enabled


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« Last Edit: May 09, 2017, 09:20:34 AM by moderator1 » Logged

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