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Author Topic: How to plant plantain sucker in Nigeria  (Read 8546 times)
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« on: March 08, 2014, 07:49:29 AM »

We provide Plantain suckers with rapid growth, early fruiting, and high yield potential.
(Giant Elephant Plantain Specie a.k.a AGBAGBA ERIN).
Large quantities and as much as you demand.
We can deliver to any city in Nigeria
Call Yemi 08036320607

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Mobile: 08036320607
Office 09082002651, 07081447709
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WhatsApp: +237081447709 

Plantain Plantation Location: ODE LEMO OGUN STATE
On 40 acres of Farm land

How to propagate using conventional suckers

Plant propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources: seeds, cuttings, bulbs and other plant parts. Plant propagation can also refer to the artificial or natural dispersal of plants

The conventional suckers are the new plants that shoot up around the plantain tree. You dig these out and carry them to plant new trees

Loosen the soil around the sucker with a fork, and then carefully expose and lift the sucker and associated roots, being careful not to disturb the parent plant.

Using sharp secateurs or a knife, sever the sucker, making sure that it has fibrous roots on the detached portion. Replace and firm the soil around the parent plant.

Trim the sucker by removing the main root or stolon (creeping underground stem) up to the fibrous roots.
Reduce long, leafy shoots by about half to limit drying out of the sucker after planting and to promote bushy re-growth.

Plant the sucker into fertile, free-draining soil enriched with organic matter such as well-rotted garden compost, manure or leafmould. If potting up the sucker, multipurpose compost is fine to use.

Water well after firming the soil around the roots. The roots are usually insufficient to sustain the plant without careful watering for the first season.

Unlike starting other tree farms, starting a plantain farm and growing plantain are easier and less complicated. Although growing plantain still require ones attention, the level of skill required is not as intensive as other trees.

Here are a few guidelines in growing plantain and starting a plantain farm.
The first thing to consider in starting a plantain farm is looking for the right climate. Plantain cannot thrive in an environment that is too hot or too cold. The plantain plantation must have a good drainage system .A rich, naturally fertilized soil is the ideal for planting Planatain. If such is not available, one can create compost and add chicken manure.

Plantain plants also grow best in bunches or groups because they protect each other from the harsh rays of the sun. It is important to create an environment where the plantain plants are sheltered either because they are bunched up together or there are other trees to protect them. It is important to maintain the humidity of the plantain plantation.

Considering that a plantain plant is not a tree but a type of herb, they cannot actually be grown from seeds like most trees. Plantain plants are grown through suckers. Suckers are those that grow from a dying, mature plantain plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new plantain plants. Choose suckers from plants that are vigorous. They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about one foot high.
There is a corm at the bottom of each mature plantain tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible. Plant these and cut or decapitate the sucker to facilitate good evaporation. Keep around two to five meters between planted suckers. In the early days of your plant, keep them moist but not too wet as they don’t have leaves yet to evaporate the water.

As the plantain grows, it is important to protect it from strong winds. It is also important to keep it well watered. One can also sprinkle fertilizers every now and then but mostly throwing the plantain dead leaves back into the plant is enough to sustain the rich quality of the soil. Unlike other trees, plantain do not need complicated pruning. Just remove dead leaves and dead plants near the plantain. Also remove suckers from the plant keeping only one or two that have spear shaped leaves. You can replant removed suckers if you have space to plant them

Plantain production in Africa is estimated at more than 50% of worldwide production. The majority (82%) of plantains in Africa are produced in the area stretching from the lowlands of Guinea and Liberia to the central basin of the Democratic Republic of Congo. West and Central Africa contribute 61 and 21%, respectively (FAO). It is estimated that about 70 million people in West and Central Africa derive more than 25% of their carbohydrates from plantains, making them one of the most important sources of food energy throughout the African lowland humid forest zone. Nigeria is one of the largest plantain producing countries in the world. Despite its prominence, Nigeria does not feature among plantain exporting nations because it produces more for local consumption than for export. National per capita consumption figures show its importance relative to other starch staples. However, these figures do not show regional reliance, which is often very important for highly perishable crops that are usually consumed in or near areas of production. The consumption of plantain has risen tremendously in Nigeria in recent years because of the rapidly increasing urbanization and the great demand for easy and convenient foods by the non-farming urban populations. Besides being the staple for many people in more humid regions, plantain is a delicacy and favored snack for people even in other ecologies. A growing industry, mainly plantain chips, is believed to be responsible for the high demand being experienced now in the country.

The demand for plantain within the country is high, with supply struggling to meet  demand. This has hampered the status of this crop as a foreign  exchange earner. It n remains an important staple food, as well as the raw material for many products. It also  serves as a source of revenue for many people and as raw material for industries  producing value-added products in many parts of Nigeria. Plantain occupies a strategic  role in rapid food production, being a perennial ratoon crop with a short gestation period.  The crop ranked third among starchy staples after cassava (Mahihot escultenta) and yam  (Dioscorea spp.). It is a major source of carbohydrate for more than 50 million people. In
Nigeria, all stages of the fruit (from immature to overripe) are used as a source of food in  one form or the other. The immature fruits are peeled, sliced, dried and made into powder  and consumed as ‘plantain fufu’. The mature fruits (ripe or unripe) are consumed boiled,   steamed, baked, pounded, roasted, or sliced and fried into chips. Overripe plantains are processed into beer or spiced with chili pepper, fried with palm oil and served as snacks  (‘dodo-ikire’)
Plantain is a very lucrative business, a bunch of plantain cost N1, 400 some could be sold for higher price can be sold to market women directly. Now imagine how much N1, 400 multiplied by 1,000 plantain that is a whooping sum of N1, 400, 000 but don’t forget, there were expenditures like renting of land, cleaning bushing payment of security. See manual for expenditures
Plantain chips production is one the easiest business you can start in Nigeria if you want to generate quick cash right at home. The reasons why plantain production business is easy to setup is because plantain chips is a snacks widely eaten by all, the start up capital requirement is low, you don’t need to rent a shop and plantain is readily available in the country especially in the south/middle belt regions of Nigeria

Are you planning to start a plantain farming Business, and then our guide can help you learn the basics of starting of

E-Book Manuals for start-up

Plantain production regions in Nigeria  
Importance of plantain in Nigeria
Factors limiting production and availability in Nigeria
Contribution to rural development
Sources of supply

Business planning
Recording of farm information

Why schedule your crop
How to schedule your crop
Time of planting
Type of planting material

Field preparation and planting system
Plantain Production Systems
Planting Material
Marking Out Plantation
Digging out the holes
Planting / Planting Arrangements
Follower sucker selection and De-suckering
Selection of following suckers
Nurse suckering
Staggered Plantings Every 1 – 2 Months
Types Of Fertilizer
Plantain Propagation, Growth Requirements And Agronomic Practices

Choosing an irrigation system
Irrigation scheduling
Water Demand
Process of Plantain Harvesting
Handling of Bunches and ‘Hands’
Marketing plans
Understanding marketing
Think as if you were a consumer
Know the marketing chain for your fruit
Visit the markets in which your fruit is wholesaled and retailed
Actively seek market information
Market development
Possible ways to increase sales and potential returns

Management of pests and diseases
Weeds management

How Much You Can Make
A Typical Expenditure / Profit Analysis For An Acre
How To Generate Quick Cash At Home By Producing Plantain Chips With Little Capital
Address/ Where To Purchase Your Improved Variety Suckers


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