What kind of soil must a farmer plant plantain to get good yields?
The farmer needs soil that retains water because plantains need water, that’s why banana plantations here are irrigated. Local farmers may not have the means to carry out irrigation so they should look for soils that retain water, have a good humus layer and they should always improvise by incorporating animal manure to the soil to improve on the humus and texture of the soil to retain water.
Farmers complain that after a few harvests, plantains don’t do well, what’s the problem?
This is caused by nematodes and borers’ attacks which make plantains to dry off; all of these are soil pests. So, to control these pests a farmer needs to apply enamaticide twice a year. They can use MOCAP bastion and it will be good to have a permanent calendar. It is good to apply in April and again in September. If this is well followed, you will stop this effect. You know that the nematodes and borers attack plantains more, not bananas. That’s why banana stems which were cultivated by our parents long in the 50s are still surviving.
Can somebody make plantain or banana farming a business in Nigeria?
Sure! Plantain/bananas growing is a big business in Nigeria. The first thing is that if you are going for mass production, you should look for a market. Here in Nigeria, we have a ready market; we have the mile12 market which is one of the biggest markets in the sub region because buyers come from lagos etc to buy plantains and other food stuff. Because of this the demand for plantain seedlings is very high since people have realized that it is a big business and are ready to open big plantations. The main problem here is the suckers, so even if you go only into the multiplication of plantain and bananas seedlings, you will have the market.
What are the nutritive elements in plantains that attract people?
We know that plantains contain, iron, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamin C, BI and B2, it has other minerals which are very good for the body by B.D.S.
TREAT SUCKERS WITH BOTH INSECTICIDES AND FUNGICIDES
How can plantain suckers be sterilised before planting?
After preparing your suckers, you treat them with both insecticides and fungicides. Use a sachet of any of this chemical in 15 litres of water, stir very well to avoid lumps, put the suckers already prepared for planting in the propagator for 10 minutes in the mixture. You can remove and put under a shade for 24 hours before planting.
How do you plant in the propagator?
The concentration of the sucker in the propagator depends on the size of the suckers. The base of the sucker should be about five centimetres deep and when you put it cover again five centimetres with the sawdust.
After propagation how can a farmer plant well to have good yields?
If you follow all the above outlined steps, then remove your suckers well from the propagator and take them to a nursery. In about six weeks, you will have good suckers that will give you good yields. This means that from the propagator to the farm you can take just about two and a half to three months to have enough seedlings.
Making a propagator
Phytosanitary treatment before propagation
Replanting in bags and acclimatisation in shade houses
Production costs and sales price
Cultivation Plant care
Plantain production techniques: of plantain seedling multiplication
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